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Agricultural Loans Can Transform Small Farms into Thriving Enterprises

Agricultural loans are programs that focus on helping agricultural farmers with their respective farms. These loan programs mainly provide financial assistance for eligible farmers to solve their problems. It offers a wide variety of uses such as buying land, capital for operating expenses, marketing of products, and many more. The main objective of these programs is to assist farmers throughout the United States and to promote the industry of agriculture.

However, financial aid from agricultural loans should be repaid with a specific interest. Interest will depend on the type of loan program alongside loan terms. There’s a broad range of agricultural loans in the United States. Most of these loans were created by the U.S. federal government and managed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture Farm Service Agency.

There are also agricultural loans from private sectors and institutions throughout the United States. However, agricultural loans from the federal government are much better as it offers a lower interest rate rather than private loans. Moreover, the purpose of agricultural loans is to provide necessary aid for farmers that are not financially stable.

According to statistics, the total number of farms in the United States just reached 2 million. The industry of agriculture is continuously expanding. However, we can’t deny that there are times when we are experiencing a financial crisis, especially amidst the pandemic.

Some farmers are not capable of finding their respective farms, this is where agricultural loans enter. To assist and support farmers to finance their farms and recover from their loans.

What are the Available Agricultural Loans?

There’s a wide variety of Agricultural loans in the United States. Loan programs are different from each other. Refer to below for the list of available Agricultural Loans. Farm Service Agency Loan Programs

Farm Ownership Loans (Direct And Guaranteed)

Farm Ownership Loans is a program that assists farmers with their farmland. It provides financial assistance to buy a farm, enlarge a farm, construct buildings and improve farm facilities, promote soil and water protection and conservation, and pay closing costs.

The said program is open and available for both direct and guaranteed loans. The amount of loan through this program can reach up to $600,000 with a maximum payment year of 40 years.

Farm Operating Loans (Direct And Guaranteed)

Farm Operating Loans is a loan program that supports the operating costs of the farm. Eligible farmers can use it for normal operating expenses, minor real estate repairs, farm machines and equipment, and refinancing farm debt.

This program is open on both direct and guaranteed loans. The loan amount from the said program can reach up to $400,000 with maximum loan repayment of 7 years.

Farm Storage Facility Loans

Farm Storage Facility Loans is a program that promotes the on-farm storage and handling facilities and buildings for eligible commodities. Below is the list of commodities under the Farm Storage Facility Loans:

  • Corn
  • Grain sorghum
  • Oats
  • Wheat
  • Barley
  • Rice
  • Soybeans
  • Peanuts
  • Minor oilseeds
  • Lentils
  • Chickpeas
  • Dry peas
  • Hay

Emergency Loans

Emergency Loans is a loan program that assists farmers who suffered a great loss as a result of a natural disaster. The farm must be located in the area that was declared a disaster area by the President or the Secretary of Agriculture.

Financial assistance from the program can be used for the replacement of essential properties, payment for the cost of production associated with the disaster year, reorganizing the operation of the farm, and refinance certain debts. The main purpose of this program is to hype farmers to recover from their loss and start a new beginning. The loan amount from these programs can reach up to $500,000.

Do I Qualify for the Available Agricultural Loans?

The qualification rules for all of the U.S. Department of Agriculture Farm Service Agency Programs are similar to each other. Always ensure that you’re qualified for the loan program before applying. Individuals who are not able to meet the qualification rules are automatically ineligible for the said loans.

  1. US Department of Agriculture Farm Service Agency Programs list of requirements:
  2. Must be a U.S citizen (includes the U.S. Virgin Islands, Guam, Puerto Rico, American, Samoa, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Republic of Marshall Islands
  3. The Republic of Palau and the Federated States of Micronesia), U.S. non-citizen national, qualified alien based on the federal immigration law.
  4. Must be a farmer family.
  5. Must obtain reasonable rates and terms of credit to meet the following demands: Responsible and capable of the payments and obligations of the loan.
    • Do not have outstanding unpaid judgments from any U.S. court.
    • Do not have a bad background in federal loans.
    • Did not provide false in planting, cultivating, growing, or producing.
    • Did not condemn federal or state law with planting, growing, cultivating, producing, and harvesting for the past years.
    • Did not receive debt forgiveness from the Farm Service Agency.
    • Be in restriction time to the years as they receive the loan.

How Can I Apply for Agricultural Loans?

Farmers who want to apply for the Farm Service Agency Loans must visit their local Farm Service Agency office to start the application process. The FSA Office will also determine the eligibility and approval of applicants with their loans. Moreover, the FSA Office will also handle the process of loans for each farmer.

Throughout the application process, farmers must accomplish the following FSA forms below and submit them. Always communicate with your local FSA Office.

  • FSA Forms
  • FSA 2001 (Request for Direct Loan Assistance)
  • FSA-2000 (Three-Year Financial History)
  • FSA-2003 Three-Year Production History
  • FSA-2004 Authorization to Release Information
  • FSA-2005 (Creditor List)
  • FSA-2006 (Property Owned and Leased)
  • FSA 2037 (Farm Business Plan Worksheet-Balance Sheet)
  • FSA 2038 (Farm Business Plan Worksheet-Projected Income and Expense)
  • FSA-2302 (Description of Farm Training and Experience)
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